A significant proportion of electricity generated in Ghana is lost through the use of inefficient household electrical appliances and bad consumer habits, a study has revealed. Electrical appliances that are used commonly in Ghanaian households are lights, refrigerators, irons, fans, sound systems heaters and air-conditioners on a smaller scale.
Implementing electricity saving measures in households will significantly reduce electricity consumption and thereby free more electricity for use by others without necessary building new power plants. Electricity saving measures also provide financial benefits to households by reducing their electricity bills significantly.
Cutting electricity consumption is even more important during these tough economic times. Oil prices which have become highly volatile within the past few years bring in its wake huge oil import bills on the national economy. Less consumption will therefore mean less demand for use of thermal plants which run on diesel to operate. Our carbon emission as a country will also go down. Reducing our carbon footprint as a nation is something that requires a concerted and collaborative effort from everyone. Together we can leave a legacy that we can all be proud of.
This manual intends to bring to the ordinary Ghanaian some simple steps that can be used to save electricity. The manual therefore provides detailed descriptions of electricity saving behaviors and techniques that may be employed for energy efficiency campaign in general and households in particular.